Libya is a country in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest. Libya is larger than the state of Alaska and is the fourth largest country in Africa.
The population of Libya is over 7 million people with the capital of Tripoli being the largest city with over 3 million people. Bengazi is the second largest city with a metropolitan population of over 1 million people. 90% of the people live in less than 10% of the country’s land area along the coast. About 88% of the people live in the three largest cities, with the third largest city being Misrata.
The majority of the population is Arab, that is Arab-speaking and Arab-cultured. The Berber people who retain the Berber language and Berber culture, are a small minority, and they’re also about 140 tribes and clans in Libya.
The countries official religion is Islam, with 96.9% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims. Small numbers of Ibadi Muslims and Ahmadis also live in the country. There are also 60,000 Egyptian with the Coptic Church who live in Libya.