Somalia is an easternmost country of Africa on the Horn of Africa. It extends from just south of the Equator northward to the Gulf of Aden, and occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia.
Somali is the official language of Somalia. It is spoken by the Somali people, the largest ethnic group living in the country
Somalia’s capital is Mogadishu. It is located just north of the equator on the Indian Ocean. Mogadishu has over 2.5 million residents and accounts for about one-quarter of the country’s total population count. It is the only city in Somalia that has a population of over 1,000,000.
Somalia is 98.9% Muslim, the majority being sunni muslim, with 0.1% consisting of a small Christian community, a small Sufi community, and an unknown number of Shia Muslims.
Somalia has an estimated population of a little over 16 million people, and is estimated to rapidly increase over the remainder of the century to nearly 75.03 million people. This means that the population may be up to five times higher in 80 years than it is today. 54.45% of the population lives in rural areas and the median age in Somalia is 16.7 years.